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Ewing's Sarcoma

How Is This Condition Diagnosed?

If a person has possible symptoms of Ewing's sarcoma, the healthcare provider will typically:
  • Perform a physical exam
  • Ask about the person's personal and family medical history
  • Recommend additional tests and procedures that examine the bone.
Exams and tests that are used to make a Ewing's sarcoma diagnosis may include:
  • Blood tests
  • X-rays
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Bone scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Angiogram
  • Biopsy.
(Click Bone Cancer Diagnosis for more information about how Ewing's sarcoma is diagnosed.)

Staging the Disease

Once a healthcare provider has diagnosed Ewing's sarcoma, he or she may order more tests to find out if cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body. This is called staging. Currently, there is no staging system for the different types of Ewing's sarcoma. Instead, most people are grouped according to:
  • Whether the cancer is found in only one part of the body (localized Ewing's sarcoma)
  • Whether the cancer has spread from one part of the body to another (metastatic Ewing's sarcoma)
  • Whether the cancer has returned (recurrent Ewing's sarcoma).
The healthcare provider will need to determine where the cancer is located and how far the disease has spread in order to plan the best treatment.
(Click Ewing's Sarcoma Stages to learn more about these different categories.)
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