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Ewing's Sarcoma Treatment

Getting a Second Opinion About Ewing's Sarcoma Treatment

Sometimes it is helpful to have a second opinion about the diagnosis and the Ewing's sarcoma treatment plan. While some insurance companies require a second opinion, others may cover a second opinion if it is requested.
 

Options for Ewing's Sarcoma Treatment

The doctor is the best person to describe the Ewing's sarcoma treatment options and to discuss the expected results of each treatment. The doctor, the patient, and the patient's family should work together to develop a Ewing's sarcoma treatment plan that fits the patient's needs.
 
Depending on the type and extent of Ewing's sarcoma, treatment may include:
 
  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy.
     
Surgery
Surgery may be used to remove the cancer and some of the tissue around it. Surgery may also be used to remove any tumor that is left after chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
 
Radiation Therapy
Radiation therapy uses x-rays or other high-energy rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation for the Ewing's sarcoma usually comes from a machine outside the body. This is known as external radiation therapy. Clinical trials are being conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of radiation that is placed inside the body during surgery. This is called intraoperative radiation therapy.
 
Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be taken orally, or it may be put into a vein or muscle by a needle. Chemotherapy is called a systemic treatment because the drug enters the bloodstream, travels through the body, and kills cancer cells throughout the body. When more than one drug is given to kill tumor cells, the treatment is called combination chemotherapy. Ewing's sarcoma treatment may include surgery or radiation therapy to remove or shrink the tumor as much as possible, followed by chemotherapy to kill any cancer cells that remain in the body.
 
Myeloablative therapy with stem cell support can be used in addition to other Ewing's sarcoma treatment options. Myeloablative therapy is a very intense regimen of chemotherapy designed to destroy all of the cells that divide rapidly. These cells include blood cells and hair cells, as well as malignant (cancer) cells. Stem cells are self-renewing cells that create all of the other various types of blood cells. Stem cell support involves enriching the stem cells to increase the number of these important cells circulating in the blood after the chemotherapy has been administered to kill the remaining tumor cells.
 
(Click Ewing's Sarcoma Treatment by Stage for more information about Ewing's sarcoma treatment options.)
 
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Ewing's Sarcoma Cancer

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